PTSD, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Trauma Links to Other
  Healing Sites



 

Quick Index for these Links
[These Healing Center Links are under construction and were updated from the links in our section on Traumatic Incident Reduction on 10/30/01. The section on Grief, Death and Dying and the section on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) were updated on 02/02/10. We apologize for any broken links in the other sections and will try to amend these soon.]

 

 
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
National Center for PTSD   Research and Education on PTSD. The National Center for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was created within the Department of Veterans Affairs in 1989, in response to a Congressional mandate to address the needs of veterans with military-related PTSD.

The PILOTS database   An Electronic Index to the Traumatic Stress Literature, the PILOTS (Published International Literature On Traumatic Stress) database is an electronic index to the worldwide literature on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental-health consequences of exposure to traumatic events. It is produced by the National Center for PTSD, and is electronically available to the public. There is no charge for using the database, and no account or password is required. Although it is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the PILOTS database is not limited to literature on PTSD among veterans.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder   Public Information and definitions supplied by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - once called shell shock - affects hundreds of thousands of people who have survived earthquakes, airplane crashes, terrorist bombings, inner-city violence, domestic abuse, rape, war, genocide, and other disasters, both natural and human made.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been called shell shock or battle fatigue syndrome. It has often been misunderstood or misdiagnosed, even though the disorder has very specific symptoms. Ten percent of the population has been affected at some point by clinically diagnosable PTSD. Still more show some symptoms of the disorder. Although it was once thought to be mostly a disorder of war veterans who had been involved in heavy combat, researchers now know that PTSD also affects both female and male civilians, and that it strikes more females than males.

David Baldwin's Trauma Information Pages   This page briefly summarizes some of what we know about traumatic symptoms and responses, and includes links describing PTSD symptoms and coping strategies. Other links lead to more research-oriented issues, such as measuring treatment efficacy, etc. Succeeding pages at this site provide additional links to more detailed references, online articles, and web resources helpful in understanding trauma responses and treatment.

In the "purest" sense, trauma involves exposure to a life-threatening experience. This fits with its phylogenetic roots in life-or-death issues of survival, and with the involvement of older brain structures (e.g., reptilian or limbic system) in responses to stress and terror. Yet, many individuals exposed to violations by people or institutions they must depend on or trust also show PTSD-like symptoms -- even if their abuse was not directly life-threatening. Although the mechanisms of this connection to traumatic symptoms are not well understood, it appears that betrayal by someone on whom you depend for survival (as a child on a parent) may produce consequences similar to those from more obviously life-threatening traumas. Examples include some physically or sexually abused children as well as Vietnam veterans.

Experience of betrayal trauma may increase the likelihood of psychogenic amnesia, as compared to fear-based trauma. Forgetting may help maintain necessary attachments (e.g., during childhood), improving chances for survival; if so, this has far-reaching theoretical implications for psychological research. Of course, some traumas include elements of betrayal and fear; perhaps all involve feelings of helplessness.

PTSD: Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue and Secondary Traumatic Stress   Beth Hudnall Stamm, Ph.D., is a Research Professor at the Idaho State University Institute of Rural Health. She has held appointments at the Veterans Affairs National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Dartmouth Medical School, State University of New York at Oswego, and at the University of Alaska Anchorage.

Working primarily with helpers and underserved people; Stamm's efforts focuses on secondary trauma among helpers and cultural trauma. She has served on boards and committees for multiple organizations including The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS), the American Psychological Association (APA), the National Association for Rural Mental Health (NARMH), the National Association of Rural Health (NRHA), and the American Telemedicine Association (ATA). She has been a principal on millions of dollars worth of grants focusing on rural and urban children and adults addressing the effects of difficult life events.

Stamm's activities focus on recovery from exposure to war and civil violence as well as to terrorism and disaster for all people in community, including helpers. Among her other activities, in 2008, she testified at the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Health Care Symposium to the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs regarding the needs of our service men and women who have experienced injury in Iraq and Afghanistan. In 2006 she traveled to Amman, Jordan to a NATO Advanced Research Workshop to help identify ways to mitigate the effects of terrorism on individuals and communities.

Gift from Within: An International Charity for Survivors of Trauma and Victimization   Gift from Within is a nonprofit organization dedicated to those who suffer post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), those at risk for PTSD, and those who care for traumatized individuals. Their philosophy is to rekindle hope and restore dignity to trauma survivors by offering educational materials, including videotapes, articles, books, resources, links, a survivor poetry and art gallery and a roster of survivors who participate in an international network of peer support. GFW's Founder, Dr. Frank Ochberg, is a former associate director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and is a psychiatrist who specializes in treating post-traumatic stress disorder and the effects of violence.

Patience Press: Publisher of Books and Literature about Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)   From Patience Mason, the editor: "In 1998, the conventional wisdom was "It [trauma] changes you, and you'll have to take these pills forever." I can't agree. Pills may help you, but PTSD is helped by telling your story. Therapy with an effective therapist whom you feel cares about your recovery is essential. Cognitive therapy, talk therapy, DBT (dialectical behavioral therapy), EMDR (eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing) and TIR (Traumatic Incident Reduction) are all effective without side effects. (Read more about them in this site's Post-Traumatic Gazette.) If you have been told that "this is as good as it gets," you are being misinformed. Even if you have been telling your story and are stuck, all it means is that there is more to the story. Perhaps you need another way to look at yourself, another way of looking at the world, a more compassionate way, before you can tell the rest".

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Bibliography   An annotated list of books and articles about the emotional aftershocks of rape, incest, child abuse, street crime, family violence, war, Holocaust, racial violence, political terror, and other forms of psychological trauma.

[ Return to Quick Index for Links to Healing Sites for Trauma, PTSD, Grief, Death and Dying, Childhood Sexual Abuse, Neurobiology, Native American and Alternative Medicine ]
 
Neurobiology, Neurophysiology
"The Limbic System: The Center of Emotions",   by JŔlio Rocha do Amaral, MD & Jorge Martins de Oliveira, MD, PhD. Humans display the largest web of connections between the prefrontal area and the traditional limbic structures. Perhapas that is why they present, among all species, the greatest variety of feelings and emotions. This fascinating illustrated treatise is very scientifically oriented yet easily readable by the lay person.

"Neurobiological Sequelae of Childhood Trauma: Post-traumatic Stress Disorders in Children",   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [Originally published in Catecholamine Function in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Emerging Concepts, (M Murburg, Ed.), American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC, 253-276, 1994].

"Childhood Trauma, the Neurobiology of Adaptation and Use-dependent Development of the Brain: How States become Traits",   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [ originally published in the Infant Mental Health Journal; 16 (4): 271-291, 1995]. Childhood trauma has profound impact on the emotional, behavioral, cognitive, social and physical functioning of children. Developmental experiences determine the organizational and functional status of the mature brain. The impact of traumatic experiences on the development and function of the brain are discussed in context of basic principles of neurodevelopment.

"Incubated in Terror: Neurodevelopmental Factors in the 'Cycle of Violence'",   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [Originally published in Children, Youth and Violence: The Search for Solutions, (J Osofsky, Ed.), Guilford Press, New York, pp 124-148, 1997].

"Memories of Fear: How the Brain Stores and Retrieves Physiologic States, Feelings, Behaviors and Thoughts from Traumatic Events".   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [Originally published in Splintered Reflections: Images of the Body in Trauma, (J. Goodwin and R. Attias, Ed.), Basic Books, 1999.

"Persisting Psychophysiological Effects of Traumatic Stress: The Memory of 'States'",  by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D.   Many individuals who experience traumatic events develop a distinct set of physical signs and symptoms. These symptoms tend to fall into three clusters; 1) recurring intrusive recollection of the traumatic event such as dreams and 'flashbacks' 2) persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma or numbing of general responsiveness and 3) persistent symptoms of increased arousal characterized by hypervigilance, increased startle response, sleep difficulties, irritability, anxiety and physiological hyperreactivity. These symptoms are exacerbated by exposure to stimuli associated with the original event.

"The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on the Developing Brain",   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [Official citation: Perry, B.D. and Marcellus, J.E.› (1997) The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on the Developing Brain.› Colleagues for Children. 7: 1-4, Missouri Chapter of the National Committee to Prevent Child Abuse]. Each year in the United States alone, there are over three million children that are abused or neglected. These destructive experiences impact the developing child - increasing risk for emotional, behavioral, academic, social and physical problems throughout life. The purpose of this article is to outline how these experiences may result in increased risk by influencing the development and functioning of the child's brain.

"Effects of Traumatic Events on Children",   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [Adapted from: "Maltreated Children: Experience, Brain Development and the Next Generation" by Bruce D. Perry (W.W. Norton & Company, New York, in preparation)]. Each year in the United States approximately five million children experience some form of traumatic experience. More than two million of these are victims of physical and/or sexual abuse. Traumatic events in childhood increase risk for a host of social (e.g., teenage pregnancy, adolescent drug abuse, school failure, victimization, anti-social behavior), neuropsychiatric (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder, dissociative disorders, conduct disorders) and other medical problems (e.g., heart disease, asthma).

"Neurodevelopmental Aspects of Childhood Anxiety Disorders: Neurobiological Responses to Threat",   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [Official citation: Perry, BD Neurophysiological Aspects of Anxiety Disorders in Children. In: Textbook of Pediatric Neuropsychiatry, (CE Coffey and RA Brumback, Eds.), American Psychiatric Press]. Outlines aspects of the human neurobiological responses to threat, the relationship between the neurophysiology of fear and the subjective state of anxiety, developmental issues in the response to threat and pathological processes which can result in abnormalities in the fear-response neurobiology which, in turn, may mediate childhood anxiety disorders.

"Adrenergic Receptor Regulation in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder",   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [This is an Academy version of a chapter originally appearing in Biological Assessment and Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, E.L. Giller, Jr. Ed. , Progress in Psychiatry, D. Spiegel, M.D., Series Editor, American Psychiatric Press]. Based on studies demonstrating altered peripheral adrenergic receptor measures in PTSD - discussed in context of the physiological responses to 'stress', both acute and chronic - the authors suggest that the 'typical' central (CNS) and peripheral nervous system responses to acute stress are mediated, in part, by adrenergic receptors which, when 'hyper-stimulated' during severe or chronic stress, can become permanently altered in their capacity to respond to future stressors. Further, we will suggest that this adrenergic receptor 'dysregulation' may be related to the symptoms associated with PTSD.

"The Neuroarcheology of Childhood Maltreatment The Neurodevelopmental Costs of Adverse Childhood Events",  by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [The most recent articulation of Perry's neurodevelopmental perspective on adverse childhood events]

"Bonding and Attachment in Maltreated Children: How Abuse and the Consequences of Emotional Neglect in Childhood Impact Social and Emotional Development",   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [CIVITAS ChildTrauma Academy Caregiver Education Series]

"The Child's Loss: Death, Grief and Mourning: How Caregivers Can Help Children Exposed to Traumatic Death",   by Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. [CIVITAS ChildTrauma Academy Caregiver Education Series]. This guide addresses some of the key issues related to the child's complex set of reactions that often follow traumatic death. While focused on traumatic death, this information may be helpful to families, caseworkers, teachers and other adults working and living with any grieving children.

"The Body Keeps the Score"   An article by Dr. Bessel van der Kolk. Subtitle: "Memory and the evolving psychobiology of post traumatic stress". For more than a century, ever since people's responses to overwhelming experiences were first systematically explored, it has been noted that the psychological effects of trauma are expressed as changes in the biological stress response. In 1889, Pierre Janet postulated that intense emotional reactions make events traumatic by interfering with the integration of the experience into existing memory schemes. Intense emotions, Janet thought, cause memories of particular events to be dissociated from consciousness, and to be stored, instead, as visceral sensations (anxiety and panic), or as visual images (nightmares and flashbacks). Janet also observed that traumatized patients seemed to react to reminders of the trauma with emergency responses that had been relevant to the original threat, but that had no bearing on current experience.

"Dissociation and the Fragmentary Nature of Traumatic Memories"   An overview and exploratory study by Dr. Bessel van der Kolk. Since trauma is an inescapably stressful event that overwhelms people's coping mechanisms it is uncertain to what degree the results of laboratory studies of ordinary events have relevance to the understanding of traumatic memories. This paper first reviews the literature on the differences between recollections of stressful and of traumatic events. It then reviews the evidence implicating dissociative processes as the central pathogenic mechanisms that give rise to PTSD.

Brain & Mind   An electronic magazine with the purpose of presenting knowledge about Neuroscience, as well as information which may lead to a better understanding of normal and pathological mental processes that occur in a human being, by using a clear and accessible language to students, non specialists and lay persons.

[ Return to Quick Index for Links to Healing Sites for Trauma, PTSD, Grief, Death and Dying, Childhood Sexual Abuse, Neurobiology, Native American and Alternative Medicine ]
 
Other Therapies
Alternative Mental Health Online   This site, sponsored by the nonprofit organization Safe Harbor, is the net's largest site on non-drug approaches to mental disorders, emphasizing physical causes that can underly medical problems. The site has over 50 articles on a wide array of disorders, a full bookstore, and an online directory of more than 250 alternative mental health practitioners.

Psych Innovations   Bob Yourell's excellent site, including Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR), EMDR, etc.

Play Therapy   For over 25 years the National Institute of Relationship Enhancement (NIRE) has been provding training, supervision, and certification for mental health professionals in the Child-Centered Play Therapy model. Child-Centered Play Therapy (CCPT) is the method of play therapy developed by Virginia Axline, an associate of Carl Rogers. Her inspiring book, Dibs in Search of Self, is a truly inspiring must-read story of a wounded child's self-healing.

Pages on EMDR & child trauma   Ricky Greenwald, PsyD

The Center for Attitudinal Healing   The mission of the Center is to support people in finding ways to overcome the fear, conflict, and separation that accompanies personal crisis, whether that crisis is the result of illness, social conditions or psychological trauma.

Emotional Freedom Techniques®   Gary Craig's EFT webpages.

Somatic Trauma Therapy Website   Member: International and European Societies for Traumatic Stress Studies & European Association for Body-Psychotherapy. Somatic Trauma Therapy, developed by Babette Rothschild, MSW, is an integrated treatment model that draws from the most relevant theory and the most suitable techniques for the understanding and treatment of trauma and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In development since 1992, Somatic Trauma Therapy is not a single method, but an integrated system of psychotherapy and body-psychotherapy that continues to evolve as new theory and techniques emerge in the field. See also Rothschild's best-selling book, The Body Remembers: The Psychophysiology of Trauma and Trauma Treatment.

Trauma Recovery Institute   A private, free-standing organization devoted to providing care for traumatized persons and training for trauma therapists. The primary mission is to treat children and adults who have been traumatized by overwhelming life events and need treatment that is not yet available in a traditional medical program. Louis W. Tinnin, M.D., Director.

Thought Field Therapy®   The Callahan Techniques is a "power therapy"- a revolutionary new method for the rapid treatment of psychological problems.

Bach Centre   Bach Flower Remedies. This is the home page run from the Dr. Edward Bach Centre, Mount Vernon, Oxfordshire, England. Mount Vernon was the home and workplace of Dr. Bach in the last years of his life, when he completed his research into the flower remedies that still bear his name.

[ Return to Quick Index for Links to Healing Sites for Trauma, PTSD, Grief, Death and Dying, Childhood Sexual Abuse, Neurobiology, Native American and Alternative Medicine ]
 
Sites of Professor Charles Figley
Green Cross Projects   The Green Cross Projects is a nonprofit humanitarian response organization born out of the response efforts following the April 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. › The purpose of the Green Cross Projects is to develop a global membership of traumatology professionals and establish standards of practice for trauma intervention - providing immediate trauma intervention to all areas of our world when a crisis occurs. › In the event of a disaster or other emergency need, the Green Cross Projects will be able to provide trained traumatology specialists from its worldwide membership to the needed location(s).› These specialists will be made available to provide information, education, consultation and treatment for traumatized individuals or communities that have been affected by natural or human-caused disaster.

The Traumatic-Stress Forum   This Traumatology Forum has been in operation since March of 1994. Most of the members study or treat those who have or are still experiencing the effects of enduring a traumatic event. Such events include but is not limited to disasters, accidents, death of a loved one, criminal violence, family abuse, war (either as a combatant or as a civilian), or a survivor of other types of horrible circumstances. The Forum's most immediate concern is seeking the most powerful, painless, and efficient method for eliminating or at least containing the unwanted consequeces of traumatic events. Affiliated with the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS) and the Journal of Traumatic Stress.

Traumatology   The International Electronic Journal of Innovations in the Study of the Traumatization Process and Methods for Reducing or Eliminating Related Human Suffering.

The International Traumatology Institute: Traumatology Certification   This certification is the formal process to designate the individuals who have the requisite training and experience to support those who are directly or indirectly experiencing the effects of a traumatic situation. The Traumatology Institute's clinical research team has also developed a powerful Accelerated Recovery Program for professionals who provide care to those who suffer from the negative effects of working with traumatized/troubled clients, commonly known as Compassion Fatigue. See: Certification in Accelerated Recovery for Compassion Fatigue.

Books by Professor Charles Figley,   as well as many other books on Trauma, Psychology and Neurobiology.

Educational Videos with Dr. Charles Figley:

When Helping Hurts: Sustaining Trauma Workers,   Produced by Gift From Within, this video outlines the symptoms of Secondary Traumatization and Compassion Fatigue. The video was produced for trauma workers and those exposed to trauma due to their professions or volunteer work and what organizations and supervisors can do to prevent or reduce its effects on trauma workers. Based on Charles Figley's book, Compassion Fatigue: Coping With Secondary Traumatic Stress Disorder in Those Who Treat the Traumatized (Brunner/Mazel Psychosocial Stress Series).

Recovering From Traumatic Events: The Healing Process,   Produced by Gift From Within, this video presents recovered survivors and therapists discussing their experiences with the healing process after traumatic events. The main focus of the video is on what helped and did not help them during their healing process. The six therapists featured are all members of the International Society of Traumatic Stress Studies: Peg Christopher, Ph.D.; Marlene E. Coach, Ed.D MSW; Charles R. Figley, Ph.D; Chalsa M. Loo, Ph.D; Frank M. Ochberg, MD; David P. Ribbe, Ph.D.

[ Return to Quick Index for Links to Healing Sites for Trauma, PTSD, Grief, Death and Dying, Childhood Sexual Abuse, Neurobiology, Native American and Alternative Medicine ]
 
Government & International Agencies & Support Sites
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)   Formerly called the "Office of Alternative Medicine (OAM)", this branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) facilitates research and evaluation of unconventional medical practices and disseminates this information to the public.

The Association of Traumatic Stress Specialists (ATSS)   Created in 1987 to develop standards of service and education for those who provide such critical emotional care to trauma victims and survivors. The only international organization offering three distinct certifications to individuals providing support, education, intervention and treatment in the field of traumatic stress.

International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS)   Founded in 1985, ISTSS provides a forum for the sharing of research, clinical strategies, public policy concerns and theoretical formulations on trauma in the United States and around the world. ISTSS is dedicated to the discovery and dissemination of knowledge and to the stimulation of policy, program and service initiatives that seek to reduce traumatic stressors and their immediate and long-term consequences. Members of ISTSS include psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses, counselors, researchers, administrators, advocates, journalists, clergy and others with an interest in the study and treatment of traumatic stress.

National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI)   A grassroots, self-help support and advocacy organization of families and friends of people with serious mental illness, and those persons themselves. This site includes a moving statement from its President, Jim McNulty, mourning the death of Senator Paul Wellstone, a member of the NAMI family. With more than 220,000 members, NAMI is the nation's leading advocacy organization solely dedicated to improving the lives of persons with severe mental illnesses including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness), major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and severe anxiety disorders.

Hospice Foundation of America   On this site you can learn about hospice care, how to select a hospice and how to locate a hospice near you. You can learn of HFA's programs, read excerpts from the publications, order books and videos and sign up for the annual bereavement teleconference. HFA is a nonprofit organization that promotes hospice care and works to educate professionals and the families they serve in issues relating to caregiving, terminal illness, loss and bereavement.›

Pendulum: Bipolar Disorder Resources   Since 1994, Pendulum has been the most comprehensive and supportive information source for bipolar disorders. The information at this web site is for consumers, family members and mental health workers to make informed decisions about the care and treatment of bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression. This site was off-line for quite some time due to heavy demand, but is back again in great force.

Natural Hazards Center   A national and international clearinghouse for information on natural hazards and human adjustments to hazards and disasters. Located at the University of Colorado, Boulder.

The Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors (TAPS )   A national non-profit organization made up of, and providing services to, all those who have lost a loved one while serving in the Armed Forces. The heart of TAPS is their national military survivor peer support network. They also offer - 24 hours a day free of charge - grief counseling referral, case worker assistance and crisis information, all available to help families and military personnel cope and recover.

Center for Victims of Torture   A private, non-profit organization founded in 1985 to provide direct care and rehabilitation services to survivors of politically-motivated torture and to members of their families. The first organization of its kind in the United States, it has pioneered a comprehensive assessment and care program that is unique in this country. It is their mission not only to heal the wounds of torture, but also to stop its practice worldwide.

Reactive Attachment Disorder Links   This page contains links to web sites and pages having to do with Reactive Attachment Disorder. Part of the Attachment Disorder Support Group, whose mission is to promote the education and understanding of Reactive Attachment Disorder, special needs children and to provide support to those parents tasked with the journey of raising children with this special need.

the Anxiety Panic internet resource (tAPir)     A grass roots project involving thousands of people interested in anxiety disorders such as panic attacks, phobias, shyness, generalized anxiety, obsessive-compulsive behavior and post traumatic stress, tAPir is a self-help network dedicated to the overcoming and cure of overwhelming anxiety.

Anxiety Research Group   This site from the University of Arizona focuses on behavioral and neural underpinnings of anxiety disorders using data from a variety of species. In particular, they are using behavioral, endocrine, and fMRI studies to outline the characteristics and properties of human spatial cognition under normal and highly stressful conditions. Their focus has been on testing a model of specific phobia originally outlined by Jacobs and Nadel (1985) and expanded to include other anxiety disorders by Jacobs, Nadel, & Hayden (1992). They have recently made a number of exciting empirical discoveries through the use of a newly developed computer-based method of studying place learning and memory in humans.

[ Return to Quick Index for Links to Healing Sites for Trauma, PTSD, Grief, Death and Dying, Childhood Sexual Abuse, Neurobiology, Native American and Alternative Medicine ]
 
Mainstream Mental Health Sites
At Health, Inc.  John L. Miller, M.D. maintains this excellent and comprehensive mental health site with a wide range of resources and treatment directories. Great newsletter for new articles and calendars of workshops and conferences. This site is leading provider of mental health information and services for mental health practitioners and those they serve. Their online community consists of psychiatrists, pediatricians, family practitioners, psychologists, psychiatric nurses, social workers, counselors, researchers, educators, school psychologists, caregivers, and others who meet the diverse needs of those with mental health concerns.

Medscape Psychiatry & Mental Health   A part of the vast WebMD network. Features medical journal articles, case reports, medical news, major conference coverage, and comrehensive drug information. The MEDLINE search engine offers access to the National Library of Medicine's collection of abstracts from 3,800 medical journals.

Mental Health InfoSource   An incredibly extensive site with many resources.

Psych Central   Dr. John Grohol's Mental Health Page - a personalized one-stop index for psychology, support, and mental health issues, resources, and people on the Internet. Launched in January, 1995, it is consistently rated as one of the top 10 mental health resources online and is updated more often and more reliably than many others.

Mental Health and Ilness   Monthly columns on new developments and links to new articles on the Web and other resources. They also have extremely good overviews of Depression, OCD, Panic Disorder and Fear.

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)   The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) website provides information from the Federal agency that conducts and supports research on mental illnesses.

National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI)   The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) is a nonprofit, grassroots, self-help, support and advocacy organization of consumers, families, and friends of people with severe mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia, major depression, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and anxiety disorders. Founded in 1979, NAMI has more than 210,000 members who seek equitable services for people with severe mental illnesses, which are known to be physical brain disorders. Working on the national, state, and local levels, NAMI provides education about severe brain disorders, supports increased funding for research, and advocates for adequate health insurance, housing, rehabilitation, and jobs for people with serious psychiatric illnesses. NAMI has more than 1,200 state and local affiliates in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and Canada.

 
Electronic, Medical & Mental Health Journals
Traumatology   The International Electronic Journal of Innovations in the Study of the Traumatization Process and Methods for Reducing or Eliminating Related Human Suffering, ed: Professor Charles Figley. The purpose of this peer-reviewed Journal is to disseminate new and original contributions to the traumatology field as quickly as possible to subscribers after they emerge from the field. Contributions focus on theoretical formulations, research, treatment, prevention, education, training, medical, and legal and policy concerns. The Journal serves as the primary reference for professionals who study and treat people exposed to highly stressful and traumatic events. These include but are not limited to terrorist bombings, war disasters, fires, accidents, criminal and familial abuse, hostage-taking, hospitalization, major illness, abandonment, and sudden unemployment.

PTSD Research Quarterly  From Dartmouth and the good folks at the National Center for PTSD, this Research Quarterly contains review articles on specific topics related to PTSD, written by guest experts. Each article contains a selective bibliography with abstracts and a supplementary list of annotated citations.

PSYCHE   A refereed electronic journal dedicated to supporting the interdisciplinary exploration of the nature of consciousness and its relation to the brain. PSYCHE publishes material relevant to that exploration from the perspectives afforded by the disciplines of cognitive science, philosophy, psychology, physics, neuroscience, and artificial intelligence. Interdisciplinary discussions are particularly encouraged.

ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES in Health and Medicine   A peer-reviewed journal for practitioners on integrating alternative therapies with conventional medicine. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine is a peer-reviewed healthcare journal that has been indexed in the National Library of Medicine since 1996.

Post-Traumatic Gazette   A newsletter providing a healing perspective for all trauma survivors, their families, friends and therapists. Published by Patience Press.

The Wounded Healer Journal (TWHJ)   Established in 1995 by Linda Chapman, The Wounded Healer Journal is the oldest point of presence on the web for psychotherapists and others who have experienced the devastation of traumatic experiences, including child abuse. They have some of the best chat sites for survivors on the web and numerous on-line forums dealing with PTSD, personal growth, psychotherapy, recovery, and the healing journey.

American Psychological Association (APA) Journals   This is a complete list with links to the 40+ different journals published by the APA - everything from Experimental & Clinical Psychopharmacology to Psychology of Men and Masculinity to the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, and many more.

The American Journal of Pyschiatry   The American Journal of Psychiatry is the most widely read psychiatric journal in the world. Published monthly, it is indispensable for all psychiatrists and other mental health professionals who need to keep up-to-date with all aspects of psychiatry. Peer-reviewed articles focus on developments in biological psychiatry as well as on treatment innovations and forensic, ethical, economic, and social topics. Letters to the editor and book reviews also appear in each issue; official American Psychiatric Association reports appear from time to time. Of special interest are the overview and other special lead articles, which treat major psychiatric syndromes and issues in depth.

eBMJ   From the British Journal of Medicine, This site contains the full text of all articles published in the weekly British Medical Journal, BMJ, since January 1994. In addition, it contains material that is unique to the website. Access to the entire site is free and some great features, including a free service that notifies you when articles of your chosen interest are published on the site.

Archives of General Psychiatry  From the AMA, original state-of-the-art studies and commentaries of general interest to clinicians, scholars and research scientists in psychiatry, mental health, behavioral science and allied fields.

AJPM Online   The American Journal of Preventive Medicine is the official journal of the American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM) and the Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine (ATPM). It publishes articles in the areas of prevention research, teaching, practice and policy. Original research is published on interventions aimed at the prevention of chronic and acute disease and the promotion of individual and community health. Of particular emphasis are papers that address the primary and secondary prevention of important clinical, behavioral and public health issues such as injury and violence, infectious disease, women's health, smoking, sedentary behaviors and physical activity, nutrition, diabetes, obesity, and alcohol and drug abuse.

Stem Cells   Stem Cells welcomes original articles and concise reviews describing basic laboratory investigations of stem cells and the translation of their clinical aspects of characterization and manipulation from the bench to patient care. It also provides a forum for young investigators to present provocative proposals for new research directions. The journal covers all aspects of stem cells: hematopoietic stem cell biology and the role of growth factors; translational research in blood and marrow transplantation; ex vivo expansion of PBPC and cord blood; stem cell plasticity; signal transduction in normal and malignant cells; molecular mechanisms of leukemogenesis; endothelial-hematopoietic cell interaction; gene expression and transcription factors.

Alternative Medicine Review   Alternative Medicine Review is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to providing accurate, timely, and clinically relevant original articles, abstracts and literature reviews to the practicing preventive health-care professional. Alternative Medicine Review is now indexed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL and Index Medicus.

 
Pharmacology & Medications
The Wonderful World of Diseases   A fascinating catalog of links and information on all your favorite diseases and human conditions, including a few that you have probably never heard of. Includes an online bookstore which caters to those who enjoy reading about epidemiology and microscopic life-forms of a contagious nature. Lists eveything from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) to plague to Gulf War Syndrome to AIDS and more.

The Parkinsons Information Exchange Network Online (PIENO) Drug Database   An extensive full monograph service on most major pharmaceuticals including investigational drugs. I give this site 5 stars for usefulness and degree of information provided. The information on various drugs and espescially their interactions are meticulously researched. There is much "behind the scenes" medical information here that you normally don't find on most drug databases, possibly because this site was prepared entirely by volunteers without any commercial influence. Scroll down to find the alphabetical list of medications listed.

RxList   The Internet Drug Index. A very good searchable database of over 4,500 medications. This website gives deatiled information on brands, clinical pharmacology, indicatons and dosage, side effects and drug interactions, overdosage and contraindications, as well as simple patient information. A new section on Alternative Medicine gives many full drug monographs or other information on Western herbs, homeopathics, and Chinese herbal remedies.

Psychopharmacology Tips by Dr. Bob  From Robert Hsiung, MD - Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychiatry at the University of Chicago - this site is intended primarily as a psychopharmacology resource for list members, but access is unrestricted, and those who take medication are welcome along with those who prescribe it. The goal is to provide information about psychiatric medications and, to some extent, about psychiatric conditions. What is unique about this resource is that it draws upon the knowledge and experience of not just one person, but an entire world-wide web of mental health professionals.

Internet Mental Health: Medications   Very extensive information on most neuropharmacological medications. Drug monographs include description, clinical pharmacology, indications and usage, contraindications, warnings, precautions, adverse reactions, drug abuse and dependence, overdosage, dosage and administration, supplier and research information.

Drugs.com: Drug Information Online   Drugs.com provides comprehensive, easy to read information on over 24,000 different drugs and medicines, for both consumers and healthcare professionals. Advanced›features include a drug interaction checker, pill image database and pill identification wizard. Also includes latest FDA drug alerts and other news. The search feature on this site is a little more tedious than some other because of the many choices offered.

e-Medicine   Emergency Medicine. Over 650 topics providing detailed information on the diagnosis and management of disorders in emergency settings. eMedicine was launched in 1996 and is the largest and most current clinical knowledge base available to physicians and health professionals. Nearly 10,000 physician authors and editors contribute to the eMedicine Clinical Knowledge Base with coverage of 7,000 diseases and disorders. The evidence-based content provides current practice guidelines in 62 medical specialties, and is kept current 24/7. All of eMedicine's original content undergoes four levels of physician peer review plus an additional review by a PharmD.

MEDLINEplus: Drug Information   Information on almost every known prescription and over-the-counter medication is provided here through two drug resources - MedMaster, a product of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), and the USP DI Advice for the Patient, a product of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP).

 
Comprehensive Trauma Sites
David Baldwin's Trauma Info Pages   One of the absolute best Trauma Information Sites available w/hundreds of informative full text articles, explanations, reviews and links. These trauma pages focus primarily on emotional trauma and traumatic stress, including PTSD (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder), whether following individual traumatic experience(s) or a large-scale disaster. The purpose of this award winning site is to provide information for clinicians and researchers in the traumatic-stress field. Supportive resources supplement the more academic or research information of interest to clinicians, researchers, and students. Incredibly well done!

Trauma Central   This valubale online resource - produced by Hope E. Morrow - continues to grow and expand with a multitude of excellent articles on trauma that have been "published" on the Internet and gathered here in one location. Articles are continually added and updated. Hope Morrow is a Marriage and Family Therapist, Certified Trauma Specialist, Board Certified Expert in Traumatic Stress (AAETS), and Diplomate, American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress (AAETS).

Mental Help Net   Trauma, PTSD and Traumatic Stress Resources. In September 1995 CMHC Systems chief John Paton decided to develop a web site on the topic of mental health as a free service to the worldwide mental health community of professionals and laypeople. Officially launched in November 1995, Mental Help Net has since gone on to become one of the premier mental health sites on the web today, offering comprehensive online mental health information, news and resources.

Psychological Self-Help   Psychological Self-Help is a science-based, easy-to-read, 1000 page, online book›written to help teens and adults cope with›almost any problem - unwanted behaviors, stress, sadness, anger, dependency, family relations, dating, marriage,›and sex. Explanations of problems and detailed instructions for applying many self-change techniques are given. Over 2000 practical references and hundreds of Web sites are cited. The›site is downloadable, searchable, translatable, constantly updated, and linked to a Self-Help Forum. Part of the extensive life work of Clay Tucker-Ladd, Ph.D.!

 
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Sites
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)   Formerly called the "Office of Alternative Medicine (OAM)", this branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) facilitates research and evaluation of unconventional medical practices and disseminates this information to the public.

Alternative Mental Health Online   This site, sponsored by the nonprofit organization Safe Harbor, is the net's largest site on non-drug approaches to mental disorders, emphasizing physical causes that can underly medical problems. The site has over 50 articles on a wide array of disorders, a full bookstore, and an online directory of more than 250 alternative mental health practitioners.

Lewis E. Mehl-Madrona, MD, PhD   Dr. Mehl-Madrona, a Native American healer, and the youngest person to ever graduate from Stanford University's Medical School, is currently the Coordinator for Integrative Psychiatry and System Medicine for the Program in Integrative Medicine (headed by Dr. Andy Weil) at the University of Arizona's College of Medicine in Tucson. This website contains his many published papers, information on healing intensives, continually updated articles and schedules of workshops, lectures and other educational and clinical presentations. He is the author of the best-selling book, Coyote Medicine: Lessons from Native American Healing, a litany that isn't about eschewing Western medicine when it's effective, but about finding other answers when medicine alone fails: for chronic sufferers, patients not responding to medications, or "terminal" cases that other doctors have given up on.

Alternative Approaches to the Treatment of Manic-Depression   Most doctors who treat patients suffering from bipolar depression, as well as the patients themselves, would probably agree that it is a condition that is challenging to treat in a fully effective manner. Although an increasing number of pharmaceutical compounds to address depressions and to stabilize moods are becoming available, these are not always fully satisfactory for many patients. Many bipolars, for example, find that medications that are available can lead to significant side effects, and therefore find themselves having to choose between living with these unpleasant effects or discontinuing medications (or decreasing dosages) and somehow learning to manage despite severe mood swings. This resource is made available through Pendulum Resources, the leading alternative advocate for those with bipolar "disorders".

Alternative and Innovative Therapies and Web-Forums for Children with Develepmental Disorders and Related Neurobiological Conditions   This website has been conceived as a clearinghouse for use by those concerned with finding and evaluating methodologies and treatment for brain-injured children. It is based on the belief that the brain along with the body as a whole is an ever-changing, dynamic, active organ striving for adaptation and capable of healing. Parents of brain-injured children have been given little or no hope for their children's recovery by the majority in the medical community. Those who refuse to give up the struggle and accept a sentence of doom have had little support in effecting positive life changes for their children, yet they pursue efforts to create a network of hope. This website's mission is to provide the most comprehensive site available for the discussion of medical, physical and spiritual therapies for the treatment of brain-injured children, hence creating a networking structure for parents and physicians alike. This website will provide viewers a new way of looking at neuro-metabolic disease, and offer a creative opportunity for involvement in the exploration of medicine and healing. Current comprehensive sections include autism spectrum disorders(ASD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cerebral palsy (CP) and a very extensive section on childhood vaccines and immunizations.

 
Grief, Death & Dying
Association for Death Education and Counselling (ADEC)   The Association for Death Education and Counseling is a multidisciplinary professional organization dedicated to promoting excellence in death education, bereavement counseling and care of the dying.› Based on theory and quality research, ADEC provides information, support and resources to its multicultural membership and, through them, to the public. The Association for Death Education and Counseling envisions a world in which death, dying, grief, and bereavement are recognized as significant aspects of the human experience. Ever committed to being on the forefront of thanatology, this website provides a home for diverse professionals to advance the body of knowledge and promote practical applications of theory in these areas. ›

Hospice Foundation of America   On this site you can learn about hospice care, how to select a hospice and how to locate a hospice near you. You can learn of HFA's programs, read excerpts from the publications, order books and videos and sign up for the annual bereavement teleconference. Hospice Foundation of America is a not-for-profit organization that provides leadership in the development and application of hospice and its philosophy of care. Through programs of professional development, research, public education and information, Hospice Foundation of America assists those who cope either personally or professionally with terminal illness, death, and the process of grief. Hospice Foundation of America provides leadership in the development and application of hospice and its philosophy of care with the goal of enhancing the American health care system and the role of hospice within it.

Growth House   A searchable resource list. Growth House provides this portal as a gateway to resources for life-threatening illness and end of life care. Their primary mission is to improve the quality of compassionate care for people who are dying through public education and global professional collaboration. Topic pages explain major issues in hospice and home care, palliative care, pain management, grief, death with dignity, and quality improvement. In addition to their educational services, Growth House, Inc. is also a full-service technical consulting firm specializing in end-of-life care.

Project on Death in America (PDIA)   The mission of the Project on Death in America is to understand and transform the culture and experience of dying and bereavement through initiatives in research, scholarship, the humanities, and the arts, and to foster innovations in the provision of care, public education, professional education, and public policy. The experience of dying has changed over the past several decades, with many more people enduring prolonged deaths as a consequence of chronic, progressive disease. Needless suffering-physical, emotional, existential, and spiritual-too often accompanies these deaths, for both dying persons and survivors.

From 1994 to 2003, the Project on Death in America (PDIA) worked to understand and transform the culture and experience of dying and bereavement. Over the course of nine years, PDIA created funding initiatives in professional and public education, the arts, research, clinical care, and public policy. PDIA and its grantees have helped build and shape this important and growing field, and have helped place improved care for the dying on the public agenda.

Although PDIA is no longer making grants, the Open Society Institute's International Palliative Care Inititiative will continue its work in Central and Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, and South Africa. Part of the OSI Public Health Program, these international initiatives exemplify the Open Society Institute's continued committment to advocate for palliative care as a public health issue. These global issues are an important part of the legacy of the Project on Death in America. Find out more about OSI's International Palliative Care Initiative here.

GriefNet   GriefNet is an Internet community of persons dealing with grief, death, and major loss. Their integrated approach to on-line grief support provides help to people working through loss and grief issues of many kinds. The companion site, KIDSAID, provides a safe environment for kids and their parents to find information and ask questions. GriefNet is directed by Cendra Lynn, Ph.D., a clinical grief psychologist, death educator, and traumatologist. Supported by a dedicated team of volunteers, and by the generous donations of its users, GriefNet is operated as a non-profit corporation under the name Rivendell Resources.

HospiceNet   Dedicated to providing information and support to patients, families and friends facing life-threatening illnesses. Contains more than one hundred articles regarding end-of-life issues. Includes an especially good section on grief and bereavement and some good advice on how to assist children who have experienced a traumatic loss.

Options For Elder Care   Options For Elder Care is a private geriatric care management firm, owned and operated by Barbara (Bobbi) Kolonay, serving Pittsburgh, Allegheny County and the surrounding area in Western Pennsylvania. Options For Elder Care offers a wide variety of services and coordination of care with other providers in the fields of geriatric medicine, financial planning, elder law, insurance, and both home and long-term health care.

 
Sites Specific to Children & Childhood Sexual Abuse (CSA)
CIVITAS "ChildTrauma" Programs   The ChildTrauma Academy focuses on service, training and research in the area of child maltreatment. Sponsored by Dr. Bruce Perry

Sidran Foundation & Press   A national non-profit organization devoted to education, advocacy and research related to the early recognition and treatment of trauma-related stress in children and the understanding and treatment of adults suffering from trauma-generated disorders

The CHILD SURVIVOR of Traumatic Stress   Another site that has on-line copies of their newsletter

Jim Hopper's Homepage   Educate yourself about the controversial issue of forgetting and remembering experiences of child abuse, the sexual abuse of boys and its lasting effects in the lives of men, the Cycle of Violence and the relationships between masculine gender socialization and violence at this scholarly site. If you are also interested in the False Memory Syndrome (FMS) debate, see this Assistant Director of Research and Postdoctoral Fellow's (at The Trauma Center at HRI Hospital) Recovered Memories of Sexual Abuse: Scientific Research & Scholarly Resources section. It is the most well-known reference on this subject.

Play Therapy   For over 25 years the National Institute of Relationship Enhancement (NIRE) has been provding training, supervision, and certification for mental health professionals in the Child-Centered Play Therapy Model. NIRE conducts basic and advanced skills training workshops in play therapy, as well as offering supervision and certification in this effective intervention with children.

Child Development Resources     Classic theories in child development as well as host of resources.

A-to-Z Child Abuse Yellow Pages     Also includes info on missing kids, a search feature, how to report child abuse and a message forum.

 
Search Engines
The Online Dictionary of Mental Health   By InterPsych and the Centre for Psychotherapeutic Studies - a global information resource and research tool covering all of the disciplines contributing to the understanding of mental health . The Dictionary is an exercise in democratic psychiatry in keeping with the traditions of the host site. Therefore there are no definitions here; instead there are links to many sites offering different viewpoints on issues in mental health

Health A to Z   The search engine for health and medicine.

PubMed   From the NIH, the National Library of Medicine's search service to access the 9 million citations in MEDLINE and Pre-MEDLINE (with links to participating on-line journals), and other related databases.

 
Miscellaneous
Personality & IQ Tests   Interactive just for fun: "There are some people who feel these tests should only be given by trained professionals. I assure you, I am not a trained professional and I will not be around when you take it. If you want company, check out these people   ( the professionals), or call your local psychologist.

 

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